The treatment can help by talking about the child's feelings and emotions experienced from the traumatic event. Treatment for Post Traumatic stress disorder can be crucial in helping the person feel in control of their emotions and can stop the hold that memory can have of trauma on their mind.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy is type of treatment for PTSD. The therapy can include explaining upsetting thoughts of the traumatic event that has impacted on their life. As PTSD impacts on both the child and their family. Family therapy will help them understand what the traumatic child is experiencing. This helps the family communicate together and to be able to support the child.
A Case study of a child that experiences trauma
John is a seven year old boy. When John arrives to school he is always very sad and cries a lot. He sits on his own and finds it difficult to interact with his teacher and classmates. During break times he is very aggressive with the other children by acting violent towards them. He does not play with other children at school and he finds it hard to concentrate with learning. He can become very angry and bangs his head on the table. John finds it hard to express his feelings and emotions.
Relationship practices that can be done to help that child
Participating in usual daily routines with John.
Offer John an option to help him with traumatic events that may involve loss of his control and may help him feel safe in his environment.
Providing John with extra support to help him with his learning will help encourage him.
Acknowledge that John's behavioural problems can be related to trauma and his anxiety he has been experiencing.
Have a safe place for John to speak to you, so he can feel he can be open up about his problems.
John might possibly feel lonely and isolated, try and get him to participate more with other children.
By providing John with extra help in school will improve his learning skills.
John may cope better with his trauma by playing with other children and by undertaking relaxing activities with him.
If Johns reactions are severe and persist for over a month if interfering with his learning he may need to seek for help with a mental health professional to overcome his anxiety and trauma.
Developing coping strategies with john can help him control his emotional reactions.
Support from John's parents can help him overcome his trauma.
Strategies for parents coping with a traumatic child
Developing a positive understanding of the usual reactions that your child can have to traumatic events.
If child I suffering from trauma for a long period of time he needs to engage with a mental health professional.
Reassure the child that they should not feel guilty of their emotions from traumatic events that has impacted on their life.Support and help lines for tramatic children
Barnardos they??react to the individual needs??of each family and child, and focus to give??practical and professionals support to bring hope into circumstances. Call : 1850 222 300
Children Free counselling helpline for children that suffer trauma
Call : 1890-303302
Child line is a confidential helpline. children are heard and protected.
800,000 calls were made to child line in 2012.
Amen offers a confidential helpline & Support service for victims of abuse
Call :046 9023718
Child traumatic Grief
Child traumatic grief is when a loved one belonging to the child passes away. It can be very sad and painful experience for the child. If the death takes place as an outcome of a traumatic event, the child can show symptoms of trauma and grief. Grief can cause an emotional, physiological, and a cognitive behavioural reaction in children. This condition can be unique from normal bereavement of a loved one and affect children in different ways. A person that experiences normal grief usually wants to talk about the person who has died and do things to remember them as they find comfort in thinking of them in their mind. Managing the death of a loved one can be very difficult for a child if the death was very traumatic for the child, as they can have a traumatic grief response. Loss impacts on children in some ways like adults, but their emotions of grief can be misunderstood. Child traumatic grief can increase the chances of developing mental illnesses.
Symptoms of child traumatic grief
' The distinctive impact of child traumatic grief is that trauma symptoms can affect the child's capability to get through the grieving process.
' The child can have constant reminders of the death of a loved one by self blame and feelings of guilt.
' These children can show symptoms of acting like they are not upset and not thinking about how they died.
' They can show physical and emotional symptoms of anger and a lack of sleep. They may not take part in positive events as this can remind them of death.
These signs can be more frequent at different developmental stages. If this condition is not taking care of it can lead
to more severe difficulties over time. Not all children that lose loved ones develop child traumatic grief. A child with traumatic grief may show signs of anxiety.
Helping a child with traumatic grief
Changing positive memories of the loved one who died and joining these into the child's own idea of themselves. Talking to the child and asking how they are feeling can help the child open up more. Providing positive reassurance towards the child that the death is not their fault as they can blame themselves for this. Children with this condition usually try to stop talking about the death of a person and their feelings about the death. Usually talking about it can be important for resolving trauma signs that affect the child's ability to grieve the loss of a loved one. If symptoms continue for a long period of time professional help may be needed. The professionals should have some knowledge in working with children and particularly with problems of child traumatic grief. Effective treatments are offered, to help children go back to their normal level of functioning. It's vital to seek help with a qualified mental health professional usually this person will have experience of dealing with child traumatic grief. It's important to give the child feedback of positive recovery and develop coping strategies with the child. Including parents in the treatment are vital as its effective for the child to have support from their parents as they can have a better understanding of the child.
Post traumatic stress disorder is the impact of usual signs that occur with contact to a traumatic incident which can consists of physical harm. PTSD can occur in a child after the death of a family loved one. The majority of children with this condition try to not think about reminders of trauma experienced in the past. Children with PTSD usually can have difficulties in developing close relationships with people and to trust in people.
The signs of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can consist of :
Losing interest in taking part in social activities, and can distance themselves from other people.
The child can express feelings of anger, and anxiousness of the death of loved one. They may be find it difficult to remain calm and socialise with other people.
May have problems with sleeping patterns and can have bad nightmares.
Can experience a lot of trauma memories and flashbacks.
The memories of trauma can make it difficult for the child to concentrate and cope.
By listening and understanding the child can help them to remain calm.
Its important to build a positive relationship with the child by being honest and fair at all times.
Its important to set principles and boundaries for children so the child can feel safe and secure in a relationship. The majority of children that have experienced trauma like to have a set pattern throughout the day.
Encouraging the child can help the child feel more comforting. A child that has encountered physical abuse can feel hurt and lonely, by giving physical affection to the child like a hug can reassure the child.
Praising a child for a job well done can encourage the child and help them to become more confident within themselves. It's important to make sure the trauma has stopped
Its crucial to have a understanding of the child's bad behaviour towards you is not their fault as its not intentional.
Teachers can encourage children to stay on at school. They can put systems in place to help children's needs if they have been abused and neglected.
Teachers should look for extra help such as classroom assistants who will provide them with support.
Source: Essay UK - http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/education/emotional-development.php
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