A child that forms a attachment bond relationships can possibly open up, have a trust in others, and manage their emotions. They can perceive the world as a safe place and gain an understanding of their importance as individuals. If the relationships are uneven the child can realise that they can't depend on others to help them. In a scenario where a guardian abuses a child, they then may see the world as a bad place.
Most children that have experienced abuse can experience difficulty in making a strong attachment bond . Research has found that children that do not have healthy attachments have been seen to be more vulnerable to stress. The child can have problems expressing and voicing their emotions with people. Some children that have experiences trauma can change their personality causing them to react violently to circumstances and a change in behaviour. A potential in developing healthy, supportive relationships with peers and others can depend on the attachment of relationships with the parent. A child that has experienced trauma previously in their life can have problems with making friendships, and forming relationships.
Traumatic experiences may persist into childhood if a child is sexually abused by family members. An attachment may affect the child's ability to be able to feel calm and comfortable. Individuals that have experienced abuse in relationships can find it difficult to trust others and to have a safe attachment with them. Some individuals can find it difficult to be comfortable around others the reason of this can be previous traumatic events in their life. A child can seek safety by a strong relationship bond with a parent. The child's bond with the guardian can be secure or insecure. A secure bond is a strong bond relationship which consists of a good sense of trust between the child and the parent. An insecure bond is when the child feels has no bond with the parent by feeling unloved with no potential security
The impact of the effects of violence in a relationship with the guardian can leave the child feeling like they are unreliable and unable to provide a feeling of security.
Why an attachment is vital when a child is coping with trauma?
A child's relationship attachment can assist them to be capable of having control of their emotions and thoughts.
If they have a strong bond with a parent this can make the child feel safe and secure.
The child, perhaps, may use the relationship bond to make them be able to build up their coping skills. However a child that gets mixed messages from a guardian can find it difficult to try and calm them down by distancing themselves from others.
Some children can use their caregivers to prepare them for how they can respond to events. An example of a scenario would be if you stopped a child from participating in something which is unsafe they in time can learn to stop.
A parents reaction to trauma can impact on the child from forming a relationship with them. Some children may learn how to be in control of their feelings by understanding how they should act around other people. Some examples could be if a parent that often helps a child manage their feelings, can help them to create coping skills. This may help the healing development for children that have experienced extreme trauma.
A traumatic event that has happened in the past can impact on the attachment with the child and caregiver. Strong feelings can affect the relationship as the child's behaviour can become angry towards a parent for not keeping them safe from danger.
Children are at a higher risk of developing Post Traumatic Stress if they do not have a attachment relationship.
Post traumatic stress disorder is the impact of usual features and signs that occur with contact to a traumatic incident which consists of physical harm. PTSD also can occur after the death of a family loved one. The majority of children with this condition try to not think about reminders of trauma experienced in the past. Children with PTSD usually can have difficulties in developing close relationships with people. PTSD can affect a child trust with people.
The signs of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder are:
Losing interest in taking part in social activities, and can distance themselves from other people.
Expressing feelings of anger, anxiousness, unable to remain calm and socialise with other people.
May have problems with sleeping patterns and can have bad nightmares.
Can experience a lot of trauma memories and flashbacks.
The reminder of continuous memories of trauma can make it difficult for the child to concentrate.
If the child has been victim of violence this can make it harder for them to have control of their behaviour and make them express a lot of anger and frustration. The child can become overly reliant on family members and close friends.
A Successful intimate relationship must have a support to try and manage PTSD.
If a child expresses their feelings and are able to open up about violence they have experienced . A relationship attachment can benefit them by reducing isolation and helping them to feel supported. Early intervention is the main key to overcoming trauma.
Types of help for children are: A therapist and a Child psychologist.
Support from individuals to manage PTSD.
The child must be able to express their feelings and can open up towards others.
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