Music Therapy

Soothing! Calming! Learning! Teaching! Music therapy involves all sorts of techniques and provides help for everyone. Music therapy can help with personal skills, developmental issues, anxiety, helps Alzheimer's and dementias, and is involved with research studies. Also, what music therapists do to provide good services to those that need them. Let me describe how music therapy does these such things.

Music Therapy uses music interventions within therapeutic services to achieve goals of individuals within certain music therapy interventions. Some music therapy interventions include, but are not limited to promote wellness, limit stress, relieve pain, reduce anxiety, express different feelings and personalities, and enhance memory. Music therapy is a part of the health occupations. Those who are part of the music therapy program tend to learn social skills and learn how to become creative individuals. The American Music Therapy Association has a plan called Research Strategic Priority. This plan is to be able to advance music therapy by using evidence ' based practice of music therapy. There needs to be a coherent and balanced way to provide evidence- based music therapy. This plan will help to provide a wide range of perspectives in the practice. There are two primary dimensions; exterior versus interior and individual versus collective. Exterior is evidence observed from the outside and interior is experienced evidence on the inside. Exterior is opaque because it concerns functional attributes and also factual accuracy based upon a single truth. Interior is transparent that concerns qualitative attributes through multiple realities. Individual versus collective is part of the next primary dimension. Individual is evidence considered upon an independently ' meaningful phenomenon based upon a micro-analytical understanding and collective is understood in a macro ' analytical way based upon a larger context. Individual is local, it works more within a narrow context and it is specific, concerns the smaller, finer details. Collective is global. It is based more on a broad context scope and is fairly general. These four different perspectives have viewpoints which are based upon objective (exterior individual), interobjective (exterior-collective), subjective (interior individual), and intersubjective (interior ' collective). More evidence can be empirical not just exterior perspectives. Empiricism can be based on almost any phenomenon according to the experience. Evidence in the four perspectives is part of a form of evaluative rigor.

This rigor helps to serve meeting the sufficient grounds criteria. Music therapy can be for all ages with a variety of condition and socialization skills. In different sessions you have different things occurring. The things that can occur are improvising, recreating, listening, and composing. Improvising, the patient is making up their music, and sings or plays whatever. The patient can improvise based on anything; the therapists, other patients, and/ or themselves. In re ' creating the patient will sing or play music that is precomposed. They will learn different music structures. In composing, the therapist will help with the patient write their own musical products. Listening involves how the patient takes in the music and what their reactions may be. Listening focuses on physical and emotional skills of music. The therapists will involve the patients in verbal discussions about the music. This will help with the patient's personality and social skills. It helps the therapist learn more about the patient based on their reactions, thoughts, or images. Music therapy for children involves more games and activities. Sometimes people think music therapy is for those in music. It is not, usually the patients involved are not all that much into music. Music therapist must select the types of music based on the goals and needs of the patient. The music experiences must require something different and have a different effect. According to Boyer College of Music and Dance, ', improvising and composing are both creative, but one is done extemporaneously and the other is not. Moreover, the improviser produces his/her own music, while the composer relies upon a performer.' A performer uses ideas from someone else and a composer is based on their own ideas. The different implications can help with different needs. Improvisation is more for clients who need help with creativity, expressing, communication, and interpersonal skills. Re ' creating helps those who need to learn certain behaviors, identify the feeling and ideas of others, and be able to work cooperatively. Playing certain instruments can help the physically disabled with their motor skills using their hands. Composing music may be hard for some, but it will help those that must learn to make important commitments with certain limitations. Music listening helps the patients calm down physically and emotionally. Listening to music can help relax someone, which can reduce stress and help with breathing. Stress causes different negative feeling in the body physically and emotionally. Reducing stress can reduce health problems. Music therapy is the best kind of therapy to use when you need to be calmed or soothed. It helps as a stress reliever that sometimes we all need. Music therapy provides essential needs for anyone and everyone, whether you have an illness, emotional problem, your stressed, or you need to learn different development skills.
Music therapist prepares, conducts, and evaluates different sessions with their patients. They must learn and know some background information by reviewing documents they may have available. The first session the therapist will evaluate the patient to learn their strengths and what kind of therapeutic services are needed. The therapist will then create goals for the patient and will help with achieving them. The goals will be realistic and be accomplishable within a certain time. Music therapists work in hospitals, schools, and institutions and in other places. Music therapists provide the best support to patients and clients to them cope with their illnesses and issues they may have.
Music Therapy seems to help cope with anxiety. The example I will provide is anxiety with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. MRI scans is a medical procedure that observes the brain, head, and neck. It is a noninvasive and painless diagnostic procedure. People sometimes do not like undergoing this procedure because of anxiety and discomfort. Having negative reactions may cause the MRI scan to terminate before they are finished. One of the main causes of this is the patient moving in the middle of it. When negative MRI scans become common the patient is then negatively affected. The person who prescribed the MRI scan, usually the patients' medical provider, can be negatively affected by the results of diagnostic information, which then can cause loss of income. The reason of the anxiety is because of claustrophobia or the fear of the enclosed space. The theory that music can help to reduce the patient anxiety of the MRI is by configuring in pleasure and pain. They believe when a pleasurable and painful stimulus are provided simultaneously, both will be processed. They think the pleasurable stimulus may outweigh the negative one and the patient will be able to ignore the painful one. Live music during the MRI scan, being the pleasurable stimulus will help patients with their equilibrium levels. The patients seem to focus more on the music than the MRI and that benefits the goal. Some people it will only work if the music is their individual preference. It doesn't really effect it based on the song, its more the genre and/or maybe the artist. Just picking a song that is part of an artist or genre will provide a major positive effect. Different music therapy ideas can help calm those that have anxiety about specific medical tests or procedures.

Music Therapists should base their evidence on randomized controlled trial (RCT) research. RCT is designed for the evaluation of the efficiency of healthcare interventions. As part of RCT the participants of the studies are assigned to one of two or more treatment groups. In this case, it will be used to find out the effects of music therapy on specific outcomes. The groups are treated the same and the same data is collected. If there seems to be any difference in results can only be explained by the difference in music therapy treatments. Every music therapists does things differently and may give different treatments, which can alter the results. Music therapists differ in many ways. They differ based on their skills, enthusiasm, and warmth. The three types of randomization includes simple, block, and stratified randomization. Simple randomization the patients will be assigned to different treatment groups randomly. Block randomization is based on a more restricted method to ensure similar numbers in the treatment. Stratified randomization helps to have a balanced distribution by grouping the patients by characteristics. The patient's preference will usually determine the type of treatment involved. There is a blinding process involved in RCT but it is usually not involved with music therapy, except sometimes, when it is with pre-recorded music. Music therapy can face double challenges. Music therapy treatments are subjective in nature, and the second music therapy participants cannot be blinded. The therapeutic practice and the processes through music interactions, make them different in other music resources. Music therapy participates in different studies to learn different types of strategies that will work.
Music Therapy helps with the involvement of palliative care. Music therapy has become involved with multidisciplinary teams within palliative care services. Music therapy started being an organized profession in the 1950s. It started in palliative care in 1978. Two people by the names of Munro and Mount used receptive and recreative methods. Music therapy helped to reduce pain, improve moods, and improve the quality of life. There are six domains that perceive music therapy as positive. The domains are emotions, physical, social, environmental, spiritual, and creative. Emotional helps with expression and awareness. Physical helps with those that have physical disabilities and are limited to what they can do physically. The social aspects work when groups are formed and group work is encouraged so they can support each other. Environmental works to make the atmosphere a better place for those that are ill and need help. Music therapy helps spiritually because it provides ways for creative transformation, or transcendence for those who suffer from long term illnesses. Music therapy helps to improve creativity and creativity is very important when dealing with personalities of individuals. Music therapist benefit from integration and collaborative work because they get different ideas from each other. Using different ideas will result in a better outcome. Music therapy helps in palliative care to help those cope with their diagnosis that may result in many emotional developments.
Music therapy helps with those who have Alzheimer's disease. Music can do many things because rhythmic responses require no cognitive processing. People relate music with important things occurring in their lives. Some people's connection to music can be so strong and can remind them of memories. Sometimes people can benefit from unfamiliar music because it will not relate to any memories. When patients have dementias in the late stage, sometimes, older music can work well to get patients to remember things. Simulative music activates and sedative music quiets. When dementia gets worse some will lose the ability to thoughts and gestures of affections. This can affect them and their loved ones. There are different things you can do based on the abilities to help with music therapy based on different stages of dementia. The early stage recommends dance in the house or go out, listen to music the person used to like, and you can encourage someone who used to play an instrument to try playing it again. A good method in the early and middle stages is to use a karaoke player the person can sing some of their old time songs. In the middle stage a good method would be to play music that will improve the persons balance when their walking. In the late stages, playing soothing music is beneficial because it can help calm the person. Sometimes dementia and cause a person to feel uncomfortable so calming them will help their comfort levels. There are several ways music therapy can help those with dementias.
In conclusion, music therapy helps with different types of illnesses and cognitive problems, reduces anxiety, helps with individuals that have Alzheimer's and dementias, and is involved with different research studies among the randomized control trial research plan. Music therapy really helps with personal skills and development. Music therapists do their best to provide a good experience with all their patients. Many people will benefit from this amazing therapy service.

Source: Essay UK - http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/psychology/music-therapy.php


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