Environment In Supporting Psychological And Enviro Emotional Well Being

ASSESS THE IMPORTANCE OF A STABLE AND SECURE

Well-being is a meaningful and plays a very big part for human development and also relationships, their positive emotions and resilience, the realization of their potential, or their overall satisfaction with life'i.e., their 'well-being (Diener, 2009).

There is no one definition which c an give us a close answer whether unsecure environment or a secure environment can help to shape our emotional well-being children grow and mostly adapt with the way they were raised for instance if a child was to be raised in a discord environment with their parents or care givers who always fight and argues in front of them there is a big chance they those kids will follow their footsteps of their care givers or parents in their adult hood , this kids might not be able to concentrate well at school they might lack self-esteem ,confidence and they can also be violent towards others because to them with the background and the environment they are coming from self-esteem plays a big role in one's life in dealing with anxiety whether it comes from inside someone heart or outside its normal they will not be doing this knowingly to them its normal because they see it every day and their environment has shaped them to be the way they are ,but attribution styles suggest that every human being has control over their destiny everyone can achieve their goals and be what they want to be in life regardless and things happen in life because we allow them to they believe some fortunate things happen to people because they are just born lucky Rotter(1966)

Some kids maybe brought up and raised with a solo parent who is always occupied and never have time to attend to the child needs most of the time this kids will be placed with different child minders whilst the parent is away this kids have to see their mom with different partners most of the time the mom is drunk ,this kids are likely to grow up being aggressive and use abusive language and they won't be having that caring nature to anyone around them because they don't know what love and care is because they never experienced it their environment has already shaped their behaviour this kids will be thinking their parent or care givers behave the way they do because of them so the child will tend to feel guilty at a tender age For one to judge life positively and feel good in adult hood they should have at least had an attachment in childhood this kids are normally to have false self in adult hood were they have to be defensive in everything they do they will be very defensive about their behaviour because they will be looking back in their childhood and use that as an excuse when confronted about their bad doings . Exploring human development suggest that nature 'nurture can be traces back to philosophers it states that what happens in during this early years has a permanent and reflective effect on Individual however jean 'jacques Rousseau made the opposite argument he' said that kids are capable of discovering how the world works and how they should

function without being told what to do with adults he developed an idea that children should be allowed to grow as nature want them to be with little force or guidance from parents

Some kids will just grow up to be strong minded a caring attitude and they can achieve their goals regardless whether its nature or nurture which has shaped them they will grow up to have their own ambitions and dreams. Attachment theory in childhood suggest (Bowlby 1988)'emphasize that the way separation is titled is the root to protected bonding and sees the care givers providing a secure base both in child's mind and real life from which a child can start to explore the world' .so children need to form a close bond with their parents or care givers a child normally rushes to its parent when in distress or scared because the child knows she will get that love and reassurance that everything will be fine .but since this world is full of uncaring individuals the child can be either loving or hateful regardless weather it was brought up in a stable family it's the surrounding's and environment which help to shape them or not.

According to Sroufe and Jacobvitz, (1989),' early stress in a child life can cause difficulties in development in adulthood, they also argued that this amount of trauma could describe personal differences in many areas such as cognitive behaviour, social skills, emotional responses and personality. Some develop mental problems at an early stage their experiences guarantees long term developmental episodes against successive shock ' (Sroufe and Jacobvitz, 1989). In addition Malekpour (2007) argue that early childhood encounter , especially emotionally or efficient

experiences with other people encourage and shape the behaviour and the construct growth that result in the expanding functional capacities of a developing in one self Schore (1994) in his study he agree with the same idea and repeated that that these early experiences about the environment shape the development of a different personality, its adaptive capacities as well as vulnerabilities to and deviance against some other forms of future pathologies.

It is evident from the above that uncertainty and insecure environments has a negative impact on the child emotional wellbeing and psychological. Research shows that that infants who experience multiple changes in their life time may face worse developmental outcomes than children raised with both stable 'parents families and perhaps even children raised in stable, single-parent families (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). According to Furstenberg and Seltzer (1986), the more changes in family structure kids encounter the worst they can or might not be able to adjust. These changes may include parents' separation, one moving out of the home romantic partner's move into, the home that the children will be just left confused not knowing what happening, or even death when parents pass away the children will be leaves to move on and adjust with the present. The fundamental concept in this theory is that kids and their caregivers, whether they are married, single or just in a relationship, from a functioning family method and that recurrence disruption of this method may be more challenging and distressing to the children and their wellbeing than intended long-term continuation.

According to Fomby and Cherlin (2007), coming in and out of a child life can also cause a child to produce episodes of uncertainty and insecurities of crises that could disturb a child ability for normal behaviour in later life ,some kids may be able to get used when circumstance change for the better but some are not that fortunate the trauma will have a negative impact in their adult hood .

Even if no instability or insecurity ensue, multiple transitions could undermine a child's sense of security and trust which could, in turn, affect the child's emotional and psychological wellbeing. The instability hypothesis of Wu and Martinson (1993) which is consistent with behavioural and cognitive outcomes salient to early and middle childhood and early adolescence children who experienced at least one transition in family structure during early childhood were more likely to have elevated levels of behaviour problems by age five, regardless of mother's marital status at birth (Najman, Behrens, Andersen, Bor, O'Callaghan, and Williams 1997).

Similar studies of children who are in elementary school found out that children who experienced two or more transitions in their lives were more likely to show disruptive behaviour at school, to have poorer emotional adjustment, and to have lower grades and achievement scores compared to children who experienced no transitions or one transition (Kurdek, Fine, and Sinclair 1995, Martinez and Forgatch 2002). Similar results were found among middle school and high school students observed longitudinally, experiencing more than one transition in family structure was associated with a higher likelihood of dropping out of school (Pong and Ju 2000).

The case for unstable and unsecure environment rest on the argument that each of the transitions of partners, parents, and care givers into and out of the household requires adjustments that cannot be stressful, at least initially, for the biological parent and the children, and that the effect on children's emotional and psychological well-being can be substantial (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). They also argue that a child raised with both parent has a better chance to a single-parent family is associated with lower school engagement, poorer grades achievement, and more behaviour and emotional problems. Parents' personality and behaviour and cognitive abilities may affect the children through the environment and the surroundings in the home, their school work might also be affected it might

Affect the parents' abilities to maintain stable intimate relationship. A comparison made by O'Connor, Plomin, Caspi, and DeFries (2000), found out that that differences in the experience of divorce between children in biological families, on the one hand, and adoptive families, on the other hand, would likely reflect what they called 'passive genotype-environment correlations' ' the tendency for parents to transmit genetic traits to their children and to provide environmental experiences consistent with those traits ' in the biological-parent families but not the adoptive parent families .Researchers found that attachment patterns established early in life can lead to a number of problems children who were raised in a secure environment tends to develop strong self-reliance as they grow ,this children also tend to be more independent they perform better at school and have successful social relationship and experience less depression and anxiety.

The instability hypothesis posits that children are affected by disruption and changes in family structure as much as (or even more than) by the type of family structures they experience. Alternatively the selection hypothesis, which posits that the association is due to common causal factors reflected in the parents' antecedent behaviours and attributes (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). This shows that there is a correlation between psychological and emotional well-being and stable and secure environment. According to Lucas RE, Clark AE, Georgellis Y, Diener E. (2004) the expression of genetic effects are often influenced by factors in the environment implying that circumstances and social conditions do matter and they have found that well-being is sensitive to life events (e.g., unemployment, marriage).

In conclusion the environment provided by the children's caregivers has tremendous impact on the children's emotional health. . This undoubtedly is an indications that stable and secure environment has plays a big role in our psychological and emotional wellbeing. Insecure environment and Unstable has a negative impact in our wellbeing.

ENVIRONMENT IN SUPPORTING PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ENVIRO EMOTIONAL WELL BEING

ASSESS THE IMPORTANCE OF A STABLE AND SECURE

Well-being is a meaningful and plays a very big part for human development and also relationships, their positive emotions and resilience, the realization of their potential, or their overall satisfaction with life'i.e., their 'well-being (Diener, 2009).

There is no one definition which c an give us a close answer whether unsecure environment or a secure environment can help to shape our emotional well-being children grow and mostly adapt with the way they were raised for instance if a child was to be raised in a discord environment with their parents or care givers who always fight and argues in front of them there is a big chance they those kids will follow their footsteps of their care givers or parents in their adult hood , this kids might not be able to concentrate well at school they might lack self-esteem ,confidence and they can also be violent towards others because to them with the background and the environment they are coming from self-esteem plays a big role in one's life in dealing with anxiety whether it comes from inside someone heart or outside its normal they will not be doing this knowingly to them its normal because they see it every day and their environment has shaped them to be the way they are ,but attribution styles suggest that every human being has control over their destiny everyone can achieve their goals and be what they want to be in life regardless and things happen in life because we allow them to they believe some fortunate things happen to people because they are just born lucky Rotter(1966)

Some kids maybe brought up and raised with a solo parent who is always occupied and never have time to attend to the child needs most of the time this kids will be placed with different child minders whilst the parent is away this kids have to see their mom with different partners most of the time the mom is drunk ,this kids are likely to grow up being aggressive and use abusive language and they won't be having that caring nature to anyone around them because they don't know what love and care is because they never experienced it their environment has already shaped their behaviour this kids will be thinking their parent or care givers behave the way they do because of them so the child will tend to feel guilty at a tender age For one to judge life positively and feel good in adult hood they should have at least had an attachment in childhood this kids are normally to have false self in adult hood were they have to be defensive in everything they do they will be very defensive about their behaviour because they will be looking back in their childhood and use that as an excuse when confronted about their bad doings . Exploring human development suggest that nature 'nurture can be traces back to philosophers it states that what happens in during this early years has a permanent and reflective effect on Individual however jean 'jacques Rousseau made the opposite argument he' said that kids are capable of discovering how the world works and how they should

function without being told what to do with adults he developed an idea that children should be allowed to grow as nature want them to be with little force or guidance from parents

Some kids will just grow up to be strong minded a caring attitude and they can achieve their goals regardless whether its nature or nurture which has shaped them they will grow up to have their own ambitions and dreams. Attachment theory in childhood suggest (Bowlby 1988)'emphasize that the way separation is titled is the root to protected bonding and sees the care givers providing a secure base both in child's mind and real life from which a child can start to explore the world' .so children need to form a close bond with their parents or care givers a child normally rushes to its parent when in distress or scared because the child knows she will get that love and reassurance that everything will be fine .but since this world is full of uncaring individuals the child can be either loving or hateful regardless weather it was brought up in a stable family it's the surrounding's and environment which help to shape them or not.

According to Sroufe and Jacobvitz, (1989),' early stress in a child life can cause difficulties in development in adulthood, they also argued that this amount of trauma could describe personal differences in many areas such as cognitive behaviour, social skills, emotional responses and personality. Some develop mental problems at an early stage their experiences guarantees long term developmental episodes against successive shock ' (Sroufe and Jacobvitz, 1989). In addition Malekpour (2007) argue that early childhood encounter , especially emotionally or efficient

experiences with other people encourage and shape the behaviour and the construct growth that result in the expanding functional capacities of a developing in one self Schore (1994) in his study he agree with the same idea and repeated that that these early experiences about the environment shape the development of a different personality, its adaptive capacities as well as vulnerabilities to and deviance against some other forms of future pathologies.

It is evident from the above that uncertainty and insecure environments has a negative impact on the child emotional wellbeing and psychological. Research shows that that infants who experience multiple changes in their life time may face worse developmental outcomes than children raised with both stable 'parents families and perhaps even children raised in stable, single-parent families (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). According to Furstenberg and Seltzer (1986), the more changes in family structure kids encounter the worst they can or might not be able to adjust. These changes may include parents' separation, one moving out of the home romantic partner's move into, the home that the children will be just left confused not knowing what happening, or even death when parents pass away the children will be leaves to move on and adjust with the present. The fundamental concept in this theory is that kids and their caregivers, whether they are married, single or just in a relationship, from a functioning family method and that recurrence disruption of this method may be more challenging and distressing to the children and their wellbeing than intended long-term continuation.

According to Fomby and Cherlin (2007), coming in and out of a child life can also cause a child to produce episodes of uncertainty and insecurities of crises that could disturb a child ability for normal behaviour in later life ,some kids may be able to get used when circumstance change for the better but some are not that fortunate the trauma will have a negative impact in their adult hood .

Even if no instability or insecurity ensue, multiple transitions could undermine a child's sense of security and trust which could, in turn, affect the child's emotional and psychological wellbeing. The instability hypothesis of Wu and Martinson (1993) which is consistent with behavioural and cognitive outcomes salient to early and middle childhood and early adolescence children who experienced at least one transition in family structure during early childhood were more likely to have elevated levels of behaviour problems by age five, regardless of mother's marital status at birth (Najman, Behrens, Andersen, Bor, O'Callaghan, and Williams 1997).

Similar studies of children who are in elementary school found out that children who experienced two or more transitions in their lives were more likely to show disruptive behaviour at school, to have poorer emotional adjustment, and to have lower grades and achievement scores compared to children who experienced no transitions or one transition (Kurdek, Fine, and Sinclair 1995, Martinez and Forgatch 2002). Similar results were found among middle school and high school students observed longitudinally, experiencing more than one transition in family structure was associated with a higher likelihood of dropping out of school (Pong and Ju 2000).

The case for unstable and unsecure environment rest on the argument that each of the transitions of partners, parents, and care givers into and out of the household requires adjustments that cannot be stressful, at least initially, for the biological parent and the children, and that the effect on children's emotional and psychological well-being can be substantial (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). They also argue that a child raised with both parent has a better chance to a single-parent family is associated with lower school engagement, poorer grades achievement, and more behaviour and emotional problems. Parents' personality and behaviour and cognitive abilities may affect the children through the environment and the surroundings in the home, their school work might also be affected it might

Affect the parents' abilities to maintain stable intimate relationship. A comparison made by O'Connor, Plomin, Caspi, and DeFries (2000), found out that that differences in the experience of divorce between children in biological families, on the one hand, and adoptive families, on the other hand, would likely reflect what they called 'passive genotype-environment correlations' ' the tendency for parents to transmit genetic traits to their children and to provide environmental experiences consistent with those traits ' in the biological-parent families but not the adoptive parent families .Researchers found that attachment patterns established early in life can lead to a number of problems children who were raised in a secure environment tends to develop strong self-reliance as they grow ,this children also tend to be more independent they perform better at school and have successful social relationship and experience less depression and anxiety.

The instability hypothesis posits that children are affected by disruption and changes in family structure as much as (or even more than) by the type of family structures they experience. Alternatively the selection hypothesis, which posits that the association is due to common causal factors reflected in the parents' antecedent behaviours and attributes (Fomby and Cherlin 2007). This shows that there is a correlation between psychological and emotional well-being and stable and secure environment. According to Lucas RE, Clark AE, Georgellis Y, Diener E. (2004) the expression of genetic effects are often influenced by factors in the environment implying that circumstances and social conditions do matter and they have found that well-being is sensitive to life events (e.g., unemployment, marriage).

In conclusion the environment provided by the children's caregivers has tremendous impact on the children's emotional health. . This undoubtedly is an indications that stable and secure environment has plays a big role in our psychological and emotional wellbeing. Insecure environment and Unstable has a negative impact in our wellbeing.

Source: Essay UK - http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/psychology/psychological-enviro-emotional-well-being.php


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