Canada's Immigration From 1852-1990
In 1852 many of Canada's immigrants were from Europe countries but many of these were being
lost to the United states. This meant that the province of Canada was mostly French Canadians,
this began the immigration promotion program in 1850s. In the 1840s the main problem was lack
of control over the immigrants now the problem was getting immigrant particularly British ones to
start small farms.
Over the next 30 years John A. MacDonald did little to attract new immigrants to Canada.
In about 1879 a new immigration law was passed that was designed to keep out paupers and
destitutes. This would be the start to "weed out" the people that would live in Canada, and
eventually become the laws we have today.
In 1885 an act was passed that would restrict Chinese males from immigrating. This was done
because of the large amount of young Chinese men that were coming to Canada to work building
the CRP ( an estimated 15,701). Without these men most of whom lost their lives from injury or
During the 1890s a depression because of the very short growing season and very high cost of
shipping the grains. This lack of rain caused many Canadians to immigrate to the U.S. for a better
life. Not very attractive to immigrants to Canada.
Around the beginning of the 1900s the economy was boosted by the increasing need for Canadian
food products. Europe had a large population explosion and tax increase caused more and more
to move to Canada. With the construction of the CPR it was much easier to go west and settle the
land which was cheap or free. The Canadian government was promoting it's self every where with
it's fur and grains to encourage new comers and settlers that moved to the U.S. back to Canada.
With the out break of World War I tension was high. This was the lowest amount of people in
years (although the amount of Americans was increasing with year of the war). Once desired
immigrants were now "enemy aliens". Also people from Germany, Hungry, Poland, Romania, and
many others become the objects of hostility.
After the war there was a huge boom in immigrants because of Canada's growing economy. But
after all booms there is always the come down by 1930 Canada was in a bad depression people
were also tense because word of another war.
During World War II no Canadians had it worse than the Japanese Canadians. After the booming
of Pearl Harbour all Japanese-Canadians were stripped of their homes and property.
The Canadian government showed great sympathy for European refugees and homeless. The
government donated allot of money to agencies involved in post war rehabilitation and the United
Nations Children's Emergency Fund. There was a also a change in the immigration barriers to
allow war refugees into Canada. A pro-immigration lobby from the people of Canada lowered the
restrictions more even though the government was against this.
Without warning in 1959 the government made the laws much more strict to immigrants families
coming into the country thus making residents of Canada unable to sponsor family members.
The point system was introduced. This new type of system eliminated discrimination of race or
nationality. It also reduced the amount of sponsorship immigrating.
Robert Adras became a cabinet minister. He rapidly changed the rules of immigration. His new
form of ruling lowered the immigration rates through out the 1970s.
The 1980s Gave way to another increase in immigrants dew to many refugees, manly indochinese.
Canada's current laws are fair and reasonable. Canada could not have been made if not for brave