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Canadian foreign policy

What are some of the major problems faced by "Third World" Countries

today? Who should be held responsible for these problems? Why? What has

Canada done to help "Third World Countries"?

There has always been a dominant country in the world that sets the

economic standard throughout powerful countries. Canada has always been a

top rated economic country, usually behind the United States and other

large Commonwealth countries. Starting back in the early to mid 60's,

Prime Minister of Canada, Pierre Trudeau decided to use Canadian revenue as

foreign aid. These included "Third World".

Some of the major problems faced by "Third World" countries today

include poor towns which have had a lack of food sources due to the serious

poverty, lack of clean drinking water, lack of good sanitation systems,

lack of good living conditions, lack of jobs and there is no industry,

therefore no import or export revenue. The governments of the "Third World"

countries have done horrible jobs of creating good living conditions for

their people and in all have not tried to bring their country out of their

economic slump.

As Canada entered it second century, Prime Minister Trudeau called for

a complete review of Canada's foreign policy. Starting in 1968 interested

Canadians including politicians, journalists, professors, business leaders,

financial experts, as well as church and labour leaders were invited to

offer opinions and advice in what was called the Trudeau Review. The

ending of this meeting brought about six foreign policy booklets which

outlined the benefits of Canadian foreign aid. Some of these benefits

included to help the Canadian economy grow stronger, to keep Canada

independent, to work for peace and security, to promote fairness and

equality for everyone and to improve living conditions for all people

throughout the world.

The Canadian foreign policy review suggested that Canada strengthened

it's ties with Latin America. Trudeau visited Mexico, Cuba and Venezuela

in 1976. Canada's trade with Latin America increased from $1099 million in

1970 to $3418 million in 1976. Also Canada gave an increasing amount of

development funds to a number of Latin American countries.

Canada, in 1973 had a major concern about the middle east and made an

effort to bring about a lasting peace to the Arab-Israeli conflict. 1050

Canadian military specialists became part of the United Nations emergency

force where they tried to maintain a cease fire by providing supplies,

transportation and communication during the 1973 peacekeeping role.

The Trudeau foreign policy review recommended that Canada was to work

hard to support the United Nations and make it an effective organization

for international co-operation. Canada contributed heavily, and still does

so, to all the U.N organizations that are striving to help poor nations and

are working toward the disarmament of nuclear weapons and human rights.

Canada contributed the ninth largest share of the regular annual budget to

the United Nations.

Another issue that faced Canada was the fact that China's membership

in the United Nations brought Canada into conflict with some other U.N

members, especially the United States. Since 1966 Canada had said that it

was becoming increasingly more important that China be represented at the

U.N. At the time, the U.N only recognized the former government of China

which was established on the island of Taiwan.

The Canadian government prides itself on sending foreign aid to

developing countries. In the 1970's there was an estimated 4.2 billion

people on the earth, more then 2.5 billion of them were starving. It was

also estimated that by the year 2000 the starving population could double.

Canada tried very hard to provide these needy "Third World" countries with

the best possible aid.

Without the help of Canada as well as other "First World" countries

such as the United States and Australia the "Third World" countries would

not be around for this long and would have absolutely no hope of survival.



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