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Classical liberalism

Classical Liberalism

Classical liberalism was the dominant ideology of capitalism during the

periods of eighteenth century. It view was widely accepted. It said that

government should just sit back and watch business so they do not cheat the

government also to enforce contracts. The classical had many creeds they were

Psychological, economic, and ,political. Each view has its own points. In

this paper I will discuss those points and show you how Bob Dole is a classical

liberalist.

Psychological creed of classical liberalism is based on four assumptions

of human nature. People were believed to be egoistic, coldly calculating,

essential inert, and atomistic. Hobbes a economics argued that people were

motivated by the desire for pleasure and to avoid pain. Jeremy Bentham believed

pleasure differ in intensity but there was no qualitative difference. He argued

that "quality of pleasure being equal, to a pushpin is as good as poetry," The

theory he is trying to say about human motivation is that the we are lazy and

selfish

A big part of classical liberalism is that we are coldly calculating.

Being coldly calculating means that when a situation comes about we dissever

what will make us receive less pain and more pleasure. Although the human

motivation is by pleasure it is the decision that are cold, selfish,

dispassionate, and rational assessment of the situation to choose how to avoid

the pain and receive the pleasure. The emphasis on the importance of rational

measurement of pleasure and pains that forms the calculating intellectual side

of the classical liberal's of psychology.

Classical liberalism tells us that if the individuals saw there was no

chance of pleasure or feared no pain, then they would be inert, motionless, or

in simpler terms. Just plain lazy. Any type of extra work is consider painful

therefore would not been done unless someone were to promise them greater

pleasure then the pain. This thinking of the human race being lazy came about

in the 1700 to 1770 in England where people only worked because of the fear of

hunger. The Reverend Joseph Townsend put this view very succinctly: " Hunger is

not only peaceable, silent and unremitted pressure, but, as the most natural

motive to industry and labor, it calls forth the most powerful exertions."

Towsend believed that "only the experience of hunger would goad them to labor"

The last view of classical liberalism is atomistic. The view of atomism

is that the individual was a more fundamental reality than the group or society.

The classical liberals rejected the views of Christian paternalist ethic which

was that the society is like a family and the relationships that made up that

society was more important then the individual. Classical liberals believed the

society was nothing but a additive of the individuals that constructed it.

The classical liberals believed that economic creed was that people

would always exert themselves to be better and more wealthy then the people

around them. If both capitalists and laborers were left alone, self-interest

would guide them o use their capital and labor where were are most productive.

The search for more money would be all society would need to keep itself

together. They believed that the government should have no control to limit or

control in any way to what is to be produced and how. A better product will

always top another so self-interest would strive producers to produce better

quality products for the consumers.

The political creed said that the government should protect society in

three ways. The first way was from any threats of from external threats which

lead in the nineteenth century to a protection of foreign markets through armed

coercion. The second way was to protect citizens against "injustices" committed

by other citizens. The protection was only for private property, enforcement of

contracts, and preservation of internal order. The third was giving the

government the job to protect the source of power of the economically and

politically dominant class; the capitalists.

When Bob Dole said "its your money , its your money, its your money, and

you know how to spend it better than the government" he was referring to the

view of the classical liberalism where we are coldly calculating, egotistical,

inert, and ,atomistic. He believes that society would drive themselves. He

agrees with the economic creed that the government should only protect us from

the "injustices" of society. I agree with what Bob Dole is saying because I

believe that people will dive themselves to get more money which in turn will

cause better quality goods and also more jobs. Which in turn will cause a

better society. I also believe that the government should not be able to

control businesses only watch over them. I also agree that the government

should only protect us from "injustices" and to help maintain contracts.

Classical liberalism is a view that people know how to run a good

society whether they know it or not. It is a instinctive drive to do better.

Society will learn to use each other to do better, to push ourselves further,

and intern help each other out. We do not need the government to control us

because that may in time cause a society to self-destruct because you are not

being lead by the views and drives of yourself but the wills of others. So

inconclusion classical liberalism is a view that is very necessary in our

society.



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