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Did the 14th amendment help the blacks or punish the south

Amendment #14 punished the south for the entire rebellion,

and the Civil War. The way that Congress made the law made

it seem that it was helping the Freedmen, however, most of the

sections are directed to the south, or made so that the only

people who would violate these sections would be the southern


Paragraph 1 states that Ex-slaves made citizens if they

have been born in the United States. This part doesn't hurt

the south, in fact, it gives them and advantage on the number

of reps in the House. It also helps the freedmen since it is

giving them full rights as U.S. citizens and equality in the U.S.

Paragraph 2 states that when a state denies citizens

(freedmen) the right to vote, its representation shall be

reduced. This is obviously hurting the southern states since

the southerners didn't want the freedmen voting, they would

be losing their representation in the House. However, for this

to be effective, the person must meet the current voting


Paragraph 3 states that People who have been in rebellion

are ineligible for federal and state office. In other words, if you

were a military or political leader for the Confederate States of

America, than you can't hold any United States, or individual

state office. This is punishment to those leaders of the

Confederacy who have committed an act of treason. This is a

suitable punishment for these people who are not suited to

hold any office.

Paragraph 4 states that debts incurred in aid of rebellion

are void. This drastically hurts the people who supported the

south. If someone had sold products to the south, expecting

that after the war they would get paid a great sum of money,

than they would get nothing from the United States

government and nothing from those states. This was a sort of

"payback" for those people who aided the south.

These first four paragraphs, which three of them have to

do with hurting the south and only one to help the ex-slaves,

have shown that this amendment was what the south got for

having this Civil War. Without this amendment, the southern

states could have gone unpunished, and possibly start another

rebellion. This amendment obviously goes against the south,

due to all of the paragraphs which have something directly to

do with what the south did. Taking all this into account, the

south, having started this war by attacking a U.S. fort,

deserved it.

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