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Eli whitney

Eli Whitney

Historians believe that one of the greatest pioneers in the birth

of automation, American inventor, pioneer, mechanical engineer,

and manufacturer Eli Whitney. Best remembered as the inventor of

the cotton gin. He made his first violin when he was only 12. Eli

started college when he was 23, in 1788. He left for Georgia and

got his first look at cotton business. He graduated from Yale in

1792, and went to Savannah, Georgia to teach and study law. After

he graduated he went south to tutor the children of a wealthy

plantation owner. He taught school for five years. Eli Whitney

made and sold nails during the Revolutionary war. In 1798 Eli

obtained a government contract to make 10,000 muskets. In 1812 he

was given another contract for 15,000 muskets .He built the first

firearms factory to use mass production methods. When Eli Whitney

built his first factory in 1798, he allocated a great deal of his

precious resources to providing housing for his workers as well

as ensuring that they were well off financially. This

consideration marked his entire career as an industrialist. He

wanted to "employ steady sober people,"tied to his factory and

part of a community of industry. He intended to create a self-

sufficient village, producing goods, and populated by well

educated, happy workers,Whitneyville. He also affected the

industrial development of the United States , in manufacturing

muskets but most of whitney's own guns parts do not in fact

interchange. Nevertheless, Eli Whitney is a figure whose history

is fascinating, and whose impact in New Haven can not be

overstated. He translated the concept of interchangeable parts

into a manufacturing system, giving birth to the Americanmass-

production concept. Whitney saw that a machine to clean the seed

from cotton could make the South prosperous and make its inventor

rich. He set to work at once and within days had drawn a sketch

to explain his idea; 10 days later he constructed a crude model

that separated fiber from seed. By 1793 he designed and

constructed a machine called the cotton gin, that quickly

separated cotton seed from the shortstaple cotton fiber. The

first cotton gin was a wooden box that spun around a drum and

picked the cotton seed with wire hooks.Cotton Gin, machine used

to separate the fibers of cotton from the seeds. Before the

invention of the cotton gin, seeds had to be removed from cotton

fibers by hand; this labor-intensive and time-consuming process

made growing and harvesting cotton uneconomical. The cotton gin

allowed the seeds to be removed mechanically and rapidly from the

cotton fibers, making cotton production economical and leading to

dramatic growth in the United States cotton industry. This

expansion contributed to an increase of slave labor in the United

States. Whitney's cotton gin, also called a saw gin, consisted of

a cylinder to which a number of sawlike teeth were attached. As

the cylinder revolved, the teeth passed through the closely

spaced ribs of a fixed comb. When cotton was fed into the gin,

the teeth caught the cotton fibers and pulled them through the

comb. The seeds, which were too large to pass between the ribs,

were left behind,( This principle, with virtually no

modifications, is still employed in modern automatic saw gins

used to process the bulk of the U.S. cotton crop).After

perfecting his machine he filed an application for a patent on

June 20, 1793; in February 1794 he deposited a model at the

Patent Office, and on March 14 he received his patent. Whitney's

gin brought the South prosperity.Whitney entered into partnership

with the plantation manager, Phineas Miller, to manufacture

cotton gins at New Haven, Connecticut. A disastrous factory fire

prevented the partners from making enough gins to meet the

demand, and manufacturers throughout the South began to copy the

invention.but the unwillingness of the planters to pay for its

use and the ease with which the gin could be pirated put

Whitney's company out of business by 1797. When Congress refused

to renew the patent, which expired in 1807, Whitney concluded

that 'an invention can be so valuable as to be worthless to the

inventor.' He never patented his later inventions, one of which

was a milling machine the other ground gravel used in road

production. His genius as expressed in tools, machines, and

technological ideas made the southern United States dominant in

cotton production and the northern states a bastion of industry.

He had one sister- Elizabeth, and two brothers- Benjamin and

Josiah. In 1817 he married Henrietta Frances Edwards of

Bridgeport, Connecticut. They had three daughters and one son.

Eli Whitney died in 1824 of natural causes. There is a award this

day which is for distinguished accomplishments in improving

capability within the broad concept of orderly production. The

person receiving this Award should be presently in a top

management position, active personally in the development of

ideas, concept of process, associated with engineering,

responsible for proven concepts, with wide recognition in the

area of mass production and generating greater productivity

Word Count: 834

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