Emotional development is the development of the Childs ability to control their feelings. Emotions are very hard for a child to express; they usually use facial expressions to show how they feel. There are good emotions and negative emotions for example; contentment, humour, eagerness, love and delight are positive emotions, whereas anger, jealousy, fear, hate, sadness and depression are negative emotions. These emotions can be shown in different ways. If we are happy, then we laugh or smile, if we are frightened, we may cry or scream. Our emotions are influenced by our inborn temperament, which depends on the genes a child inherits. For example some children are naturally excitable. It also depends on their environment, which is the surroundings their in and the conditions they grow up in. finally it is influenced by the child's state of health. So when a baby is ill they will have different feelings to when they are feeling well. There is another factor that in most cases affects some of the child's emotions and this is whether the child is a boy or a girl because boys are taught to hide their emotions whereas girls are taught to show how they feel and to express their emotions. For proper emotional development a child needs the love and affection of their parents, family, other adults it depends on and perhaps friends. The feeling of being wanted and the feeling of belonging help, as do the opportunities to feel a sense of achievement and to make people proud of them. Being independent makes a child's development more rapid and feeling secure and confident. Also if the child is given special attention and treated as an individual it may be a happier child.
Emotional contact should start straight after birth, when the newborn child is given to the mother and the father if he is present. A baby needs constant care by at least one parent by providing it warmth, food, protection and security. Trust can come from a parent providing these things for the newborn baby and this is a good starter for their emotional development. If the parent is not relaxed and happy the baby is likely not to be and will feel insecure so a low comforting tone is much more appropriate. For the next few months, until the child is about six months old, they are aware of themselves as an individual. They will develop trust love and security depending on the way they have been handled in early months, which may cause anxiety and fear.
By the time the child reaches one, they will be learning the first stages of independence. This is shown by whether the child is feeding itself, walking and starting to speak a few words. Always giving a child encouragement rather than punishment will help its self-confidence, which is very important as a child with low self-confidence is likely to become depressed, so as the child gets frustrated at its failures a parent should praise them and help them carry on trying.:
Giving a child to much love or 'smother love' may make the child self centred, stubborn and insecure without their parents their. However if a child is in a stressful environment and is not getting the love and attention they need they may have nightmares, temper tantrums, bedwetting or other affects that will be disruptive.
cal1966. Thus, we can say that whilst this represents a progression, in the end we have come no closer to any "real" knowledge.