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Information on children

Information on children’s behaviour in a 4-5 years reception year in a school

Task 1


In order for me to find out the child’s development of the observed child. I will first need to find out about the child’s typical stages of development and also children of the same age which is 4 years and 11 months. Typical development taken from Meggitt C, 2000:

  This work from



Child A’s dd.


Physical development cal1966, please do not redistribute this writing. We work very hard to create this website, and we trust our visitors to respect it for the good of other students. Please, do not circulate this writing elsewhere on the internet. Anybody found doing so will be permanently banned.

·      develop a good sense of balance and may be able to walk along a line cal1966, please do not redistribute this writing. We work very hard to create this website, and we trust our visitors to respect it for the good of other students. Please, do not circulate this writing elsewhere on the internet. Anybody found doing so will be permanently banned.

·      can stand

·      walk

·      run

·      tiptoe

·      Can catch, kick, throw and bounce a ball.

·      Can ride a tricycle with skills and make sharp turns easily.

Fine motor:

·      Can build a tower of ten or more

·  Able to thread small beads on a lace

·  Hold a pencil in adult fashion

The child was able to do everything on the typical development list. The only thing he found hard was to catch a ball as he missed a couple of times. This can be improved if he keeps on practising and then he will be able to achieve this. Child A can also do everything on the fine motor skills list as well as he was playing with the objects on the table top activities.

Language development

·  Enjoy counting up to twenty by rote

·  Talk fluently

·  Ask questions

·  Repeat Nursery rhymes

·  Tell long stories

·  Enjoy jokes

Child A can count up to 20; he talks fluently and also asks lots of questions so that’s good. When we sing nursery rhymes he always joins in, which is good so then he can remember them well.

Cognitive development

· Talk about things in the past

·  Can sort objects in to groups

·  Give reasons

·  Solve problems

·  Confuse fact with fiction

Child A’s cognitive development is also at the typical development stage. He can solve problems and give reasons for problem solving. He also sorts objects in to different groups.

From looking at the table I can see that the child is at the ‘norm’ development and is able to do everything out of the Meggitt book at the age of development that he is at. For example the child was very good at riding the scooter and going around the cones. The only thing he found hard to do was to catch the ball. But if he practises this he will be able to do it.

The development needs of the observed child


The child was very good at the outside course; he was able to do everything. He was very good at being able to ride the scooters around the cones. Bit I think because the child is very close to 5 his level of development is at the right stage. Also being outside the childs is getting lots of fresh air so this will help their lungs develop. The CW could do more with throwing and catching a ball as they find that one the hardest because that is a lot of hand and eye co-ordination. Also not forgetting praising the child for doing it or trying hard at something.


The childs language development was very good. He was very good at reading the story, by looking at the pictures. He also enjoys stories being read to him. The CW worker could help the child with his reading if it was struggling with a specific thing, for example using word lotto games with words like, mum, dad, dog, the, will help the child develop further reading skills.


The childs cognitive development was at the right stage, although the child couldn’t conserve. This was expected as the child is only close to the age of 5, to be able to conserve the child may be at the age of 7-8, but this cannot be certain. The CW could help the childs cognitive development by playing table top activity games with the child, and to also sing songs so then they can try to remember them.

Ways to help develop the childrens needs in the setting

The setting could help the childrens development needs in all areas of the work place. The childrens physical can be expanded by letting the children choose what they would like to do outside. Everyday we make sure that we have enough equipment out for the children to use for example, scooters, tunnels, balls and hoops. From looking at the chart, child A was able to all the physical activities that took place. Although the child is close to five, I tried to do the activity at what the child could do and to also challenge him. Most children find it hard to catch a ball; the teacher or the ccw could do more activities on catching, out on the playground to help the children develop one step further.

The childs language development was very good for the age and stage of development. He read the story from looking at the pictures very well and his speech of language is very clear so it easy for me to understand him whilst he read. I think the teacher or ccw should continue to read with child to keep the child on the right development stage. May be choosing a harder book for the child to see how he gets on might be a good idea, because he says he enjoys stories.

Child A’s cognitive development is again at the right age and stage of development. Although Piaget’s theory states that children of this age are very unlikely to conserve because they aren’t as mature enough to understand the different tests. The child enjoys puzzles the ccw or teacher could help the child progress on this more, by challenging him with a bigger and harder puzzle. When we were sorting objects out into groups I noticed that the child was able to do this, although all the other children were able to as well. But it was good that child A was at the right age and stage as the other children in his class.

The CW could work along side the child and say when doing a puzzle or playing a board game the CW could help the child if they find it hard or they can’t find a specific piece. So then the child won’t be learning from trial-and-error. Also getting the child to learn the right words when being asked a question instead of using ‘what’, try saying pardon, or I didn’t quite hear you so then the child would learn this from themselves. When they do use the right word, the CW should praise the child as they have remembered their manners.

The child’s language development is spoken quiet clearly. On the tape observation he was able to read the book of what he could see from the pictures. He speaks very clearly to other children and members of staff. I have noticed he does get a bit upset when children take something that he’s playing or looking at. He cries instead of telling the child he was using that. The CW has noticed this and has told him to try and stop crying or try not to cry and to tell the child he was using that. I think this has helped the child’s self-esteem because he is becoming more confident with others. To help progress with the child’s development is to ask the child questions to progress more with his language development.

Source: Essay UK -

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