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Islamic women

Muslim society over the centuries has treated women as

second class citizens. It's been this way since the beginning of

time. Women are treated in this manor for a number of reasons,

but all leading back to the Quran. Women are considered inferior to

men, are treated unfairly in marriage, and even are oppressed

legally, but all are approved of in the Quran. It describes in detail

the way that a women is to be treated and the way a women

should treat her husband.

The Quran expresses the equality of the sexes in the

following. "And their Lord answereth them, `I will not suffer the

work of him among you that worketh, whether of male or female, to

be lost. the one of you is the issue of the other."(Q 3:195) So while

the Qur`an holds the works of men and women in equal regard and

acknowledges that they are completely interdependent to their very

existence, They are not regarded as having equal worth as people.

The fact that men are a step above the women and superior to

them is evident in the following verses. "And it is for the women to

act as they (the husbands) act by them, in all fairness; but the men

are a step above them."(Q 2:228) "Men have authority over women

because Allah has made the one superior to the other."(Q4:34)

Women are thought of as being lower in intellect and spirituals in

comparison to men. In the Quran it states, "And of His signs is that

He created for you, of yourselves, spouses, that you may repose in

them."(Q 30"21) This causes many Muslims to look at women as

creations like the animals and plants and other useful things created

by Allah. Muslims believe that women are lacking many of the traits

that men possess. The believe that women are lacking gratitude as

well as intelligence. The Hadith speaks of this subject saying,

"Women are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the

favours and the good (charitable) deeds done to them. If you have

always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees

something in you (not of her liking), she will say, `I have never

received and good from you." Also women are not reliable

witnesses due to their lack of intelligence and their emotional state.

It is said that, "Women was made to bear and feed children.

Therefore she is very emotional. And she is forgetful, because if

she did not forget how it is to give birth she would not have another

child. That is why she will not be as reliable a witness as a man."

Women have so many things separating them from men in

the Muslim society. It is believed that every woman has ten awrah.

(translation: the external genitals, especially of the female, Latin-

something to be ashamed of ) It is perceived that women are

awrah and that is one reason that all women must not show any

part of their body along with staying in the house. It is believed that

the woman's place is in the home and that she shouldn't even leave

the house to pray at the mosque, but rather she is closer to Allah

while inside the home. Some groups such as the Malikiyah and

Hanafiyah do allow the woman's face to be shown, but only if the

face is not naturally beautiful and makeup is not worn. It is thought

that Allah decreed that the face be veiled not for the chastity of the

woman, but for the chastity of the men who might look at her. For

this defeats the woman's biggest evil her sexuality.

It is believed that a woman's way to paradise is through her

husband. All the man's needs must be met before anything else

may be completed. If a woman is cooking and her husband

desires sexual pleasures it is better to let the food burn than to deny

her husband. This is true because if the husband is not satisfied

then he be cannot at peace to pray to Allah therefore the woman is

in bad favor with Allah and all the angels until she satisfies her

husband again. There is never anything that a woman can do to

repay her husband for taking her as his wife. It is a noble sacrifice

for a man to share his life with a woman; she being deficient in

mind, religion, and gratitude. There is no sacrifice she can make to

repay the favour he has done for her.

The rights of Muslim women and men are as you might

expect them to be. The women's rights are very simple as stated in

the Quran, "It is that you shall give her food when you have taken

your food, that you shall clothe her when you have clothed

yourself, that you shall not slap her on the face, nor revile her, not

desert her except within the house. Other than that she has no

rights, he has the right to beat her if she does one of four things.

One if she doesn't wear the fineries wanted by the husband. Two if

she refuses sexual intercourse. Three when she is told to bath and

she refuses. Fourth when she goes abroad without permission of

her husband. These are all legal caused for a man to beat his wife.

It is also the right of the man to marry up to four wives and to

have as many slave girls as he sees fit. Adultery is one of the worst

sins a man can commit so Allah allows him to have four wives and

as many slave girls as needed to satisfy his lust. Again freeing him

from his lust allows him to be more at peace and better able to pray

to Allah. There is one provision dealing with slave girls though, a

man is only allowed to have sexual intercourse with a slave girl if

he has paid the extra amount of money to the seller for that benefit.

Men also have all the rights after a divorce in matters dealing

with the custody of a child. "The conditions of the custody of the

children is as follows. First the wife should not reject Islam. If she

rejects Islam, she has no right to the custody of the children.

Second, she must be of good character for if it was proven that she

is corrupted by illicit sex, or theft, or has a low trade such as a

professional mourner, or a dancer, she loses her right to custody.

Third, she is not allowed to marry anyone except the father of the

child. If she remarries, she has no right to custody, unless her new

husband is related to the child as a paternal uncle. But if she

marries a foreigner she has no right to custody. fourthly, she must

not leave the child without supervision. Especially if the child is a

female, because females need protection. So if the mother had to

go outside for a long period and so neglect her child, she has no

right to the custody of the child. Fifthly, if the father is poor, and the

mother refused the custody of the child except for payment, and his

aunt said "I will look after him for free,"then the aunt will have the

right to the custody of the child. To follow the religion of Islam is

not a condition to the right of custody, for if the husband is married

to one of the people of the Book, she has the right to custody as

long as he is safe from apostasy, or corruption. But if that is not so,

such as he say her taking the child to a church, or feeding him pigs

meat, or giving him wine, then the father has the right to take the

child from her, and sanity is a pre-requisite that is agreed upon by

all"

A husband may be one of the only things a woman may

choose under Islam. Marriages are no longer forced by fathers and

this practice is actually discouraged. If a man knows that a father is

trying to force a marriage it is his obligation not to marry the

woman. Every woman must marry of her own free will or the

marriage is null and void. This is also true if a dowry isn't included

in the marriage. A dowry is given to the father for the securing of

the sexual rights of the woman. This is also true outside of

marriage. If a man has sexual intercourse with a married woman,

by mistake, thinking that she was his wife, then he must pay to her

and not to her husband a dowry equal to her social worth. This is

even stated in the Quran in 4:24 when it is said, "Such wives as you

enjoy thereby, give them their wages apportionate."

Under Islam when a couple are married the property and

everything on it don't belong to the couple as a whole, but rather

remains the husbands. This forces the wife to rely on the husband

for her daily needs. (i.e. food,clothing,sexual pleasure) This gives

the man a very large advantage because the woman cannot survive

without his support and a man may refuse support for a number of

reasons.

1. If she leaves the house without his permission

2. If she refuses to give herself to him

3. If the woman is a renegade

4. If the woman who obeys the husband's son or his father

or kiss either with lust or anything that might put her

relation with her husband on a prohibited degree.

5. If the marriage contract is imperfect (i.e. if she had sex

with someone by mistake, the man thinking she was his

Wife)

6. If the wife is too young to have sex

7. If the wife is imprisoned even if innocent

8. If the wife doesn't surrender herself in his home on the

day due to illness.

9. If a wife was raped

10. If a wife goes to perform a pilgrimage (she in this case

would not be under her husbands care at this time)

These instances of inequality among men and women of

Islam where not the isolated or uncommon examples. I found that

for the most part this is the way the Islamic women live their day to

day lives. Unusual to Americans this is the norm for that part of the

world and many people both men and women are fighting to keep

it that way. Many of their beliefs are suprising, but are their results

justified? Their goal is to secure a descent wholesome family free

of adultery and divorces. However unusual they believe their

means are justified.

Muslim society over the centuries has treated women as

second class citizens. It's been this way since the beginning of

time. Women are treated in this manor for a number of reasons,

but all leading back to the Quran. Women are considered inferior to

men, are treated unfairly in marriage, and even are oppressed

legally, but all are approved of in the Quran. It describes in detail

the way that a women is to be treated and the way a women

should treat her husband.

The Quran expresses the equality of the sexes in the

following. "And their Lord answereth them, `I will not suffer the

work of him among you that worketh, whether of male or female, to

be lost. the one of you is the issue of the other."(Q 3:195) So while

the Qur`an holds the works of men and women in equal regard and

acknowledges that they are completely interdependent to their very

existence, They are not regarded as having equal worth as people.

The fact that men are a step above the women and superior to

them is evident in the following verses. "And it is for the women to

act as they (the husbands) act by them, in all fairness; but the men

are a step above them."(Q 2:228) "Men have authority over women

because Allah has made the one superior to the other."(Q4:34)

Women are thought of as being lower in intellect and spirituals in

comparison to men. In the Quran it states, "And of His signs is that

He created for you, of yourselves, spouses, that you may repose in

them."(Q 30"21) This causes many Muslims to look at women as

creations like the animals and plants and other useful things created

by Allah. Muslims believe that women are lacking many of the traits

that men possess. The believe that women are lacking gratitude as

well as intelligence. The Hadith speaks of this subject saying,

"Women are ungrateful to their husbands and are ungrateful for the

favours and the good (charitable) deeds done to them. If you have

always been good (benevolent) to one of them and then she sees

something in you (not of her liking), she will say, `I have never

received and good from you." Also women are not reliable

witnesses due to their lack of intelligence and their emotional state.

It is said that, "Women was made to bear and feed children.

Therefore she is very emotional. And she is forgetful, because if

she did not forget how it is to give birth she would not have another

child. That is why she will not be as reliable a witness as a man."

Women have so many things separating them from men in

the Muslim society. It is believed that every woman has ten awrah.

(translation: the external genitals, especially of the female, Latin-

something to be ashamed of ) It is perceived that women are

awrah and that is one reason that all women must not show any

part of their body along with staying in the house. It is believed that

the woman's place is in the home and that she shouldn't even leave

the house to pray at the mosque, but rather she is closer to Allah

while inside the home. Some groups such as the Malikiyah and

Hanafiyah do allow the woman's face to be shown, but only if the

face is not naturally beautiful and makeup is not worn. It is thought

that Allah decreed that the face be veiled not for the chastity of the

woman, but for the chastity of the men who might look at her. For

this defeats the woman's biggest evil her sexuality.

It is believed that a woman's way to paradise is through her

husband. All the man's needs must be met before anything else

may be completed. If a woman is cooking and her husband

desires sexual pleasures it is better to let the food burn than to deny

her husband. This is true because if the husband is not satisfied

then he be cannot at peace to pray to Allah therefore the woman is

in bad favor with Allah and all the angels until she satisfies her

husband again. There is never anything that a woman can do to

repay her husband for taking her as his wife. It is a noble sacrifice

for a man to share his life with a woman; she being deficient in

mind, religion, and gratitude. There is no sacrifice she can make to

repay the favour he has done for her.

The rights of Muslim women and men are as you might

expect them to be. The women's rights are very simple as stated in

the Quran, "It is that you shall give her food when you have taken

your food, that you shall clothe her when you have clothed

yourself, that you shall not slap her on the face, nor revile her, not

desert her except within the house. Other than that she has no

rights, he has the right to beat her if she does one of four things.

One if she doesn't wear the fineries wanted by the husband. Two if

she refuses sexual intercourse. Three when she is told to bath and

she refuses. Fourth when she goes abroad without permission of

her husband. These are all legal caused for a man to beat his wife.

It is also the right of the man to marry up to four wives and to

have as many slave girls as he sees fit. Adultery is one of the worst

sins a man can commit so Allah allows him to have four wives and

as many slave girls as needed to satisfy his lust. Again freeing him

from his lust allows him to be more at peace and better able to pray

to Allah. There is one provision dealing with slave girls though, a

man is only allowed to have sexual intercourse with a slave girl if

he has paid the extra amount of money to the seller for that benefit.

Men also have all the rights after a divorce in matters dealing

with the custody of a child. "The conditions of the custody of the

children is as follows. First the wife should not reject Islam. If she

rejects Islam, she has no right to the custody of the children.

Second, she must be of good character for if it was proven that she

is corrupted by illicit sex, or theft, or has a low trade such as a

professional mourner, or a dancer, she loses her right to custody.

Third, she is not allowed to marry anyone except the father of the

child. If she remarries, she has no right to custody, unless her new

husband is related to the child as a paternal uncle. But if she

marries a foreigner she has no right to custody. fourthly, she must

not leave the child without supervision. Especially if the child is a

female, because females need protection. So if the mother had to

go outside for a long period and so neglect her child, she has no

right to the custody of the child. Fifthly, if the father is poor, and the

mother refused the custody of the child except for payment, and his

aunt said "I will look after him for free,"then the aunt will have the

right to the custody of the child. To follow the religion of Islam is

not a condition to the right of custody, for if the husband is married

to one of the people of the Book, she has the right to custody as

long as he is safe from apostasy, or corruption. But if that is not so,

such as he say her taking the child to a church, or feeding him pigs

meat, or giving him wine, then the father has the right to take the

child from her, and sanity is a pre-requisite that is agreed upon by

all"

A husband may be one of the only things a woman may

choose under Islam. Marriages are no longer forced by fathers and

this practice is actually discouraged. If a man knows that a father is

trying to force a marriage it is his obligation not to marry the

woman. Every woman must marry of her own free will or the

marriage is null and void. This is also true if a dowry isn't included

in the marriage. A dowry is given to the father for the securing of

the sexual rights of the woman. This is also true outside of

marriage. If a man has sexual intercourse with a married woman,

by mistake, thinking that she was his wife, then he must pay to her

and not to her husband a dowry equal to her social worth. This is

even stated in the Quran in 4:24 when it is said, "Such wives as you

enjoy thereby, give them their wages apportionate."

Under Islam when a couple are married the property and

everything on it don't belong to the couple as a whole, but rather

remains the husbands. This forces the wife to rely on the husband

for her daily needs. (i.e. food,clothing,sexual pleasure) This gives

the man a very large advantage because the woman cannot survive

without his support and a man may refuse support for a number of

reasons.

1. If she leaves the house without his permission

2. If she refuses to give herself to him

3. If the woman is a renegade

4. If the woman who obeys the husband's son or his father

or kiss either with lust or anything that might put her

relation with her husband on a prohibited degree.

5. If the marriage contract is imperfect (i.e. if she had sex

with someone by mistake, the man thinking she was his

Wife)

6. If the wife is too young to have sex

7. If the wife is imprisoned even if innocent

8. If the wife doesn't surrender herself in his home on the

day due to illness.

9. If a wife was raped

10. If a wife goes to perform a pilgrimage (she in this case

would not be under her husbands care at this time)

These instances of inequality among men and women of

Islam where not the isolated or uncommon examples. I found that

for the most part this is the way the Islamic women live their day to

day lives. Unusual to Americans this is the norm for that part of the

world and many people both men and women are fighting to keep

it that way. Many of their beliefs are suprising, but are their results

justified? Their goal is to secure a descent wholesome family free

of adultery and divorces. However unusual they believe their

means are justified.

Source: Essay UK - http://www.essay.uk.com/coursework/islamic-women.php



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