Discuss the Jungian theory of personality. Explain what he meant by the collective unconscious and archetypes. Using a popular theme like the Star war's films describe the Jungian concepts you can uncover in the film.
Carl Jung was a world-renowned psychologist who was and is probably best known for his theory about personality and behavior, which disagreed with the work of his friend Sigmund Freud. In Jung's theory he divides the psyche into three parts. The first is the ego, which can be define as "The central complex in the field of consciousness, the part of the mind that represents reason, good sense, and rational self-control: it mediates between id and superego." The ego goes hand in hand with the conscious mind.
Closely related is the second part of the psyche, the personal unconscious, which includes anything that is not presently conscious, but can be; and those items, thoughts, or memories that have been suppressed for some reason. Repressed memories of child abuse would be an example of personal unconscious.
The third part of the psyche that Jung added is the part that makes his theory stand out from all others: the collective unconscious. Collective unconscious can be defined as "the universal memories and experiences of humankind, represented in the symbols, stories, and images " It is the collection of our experiences as a species, a kind of instinctual knowledge that we are all born with. We can never be directly conscious of it. The collective unconscious influences all of our experiences and behaviors, but we only know about it indirectly. An example of the collective unconscious would be the stories of near death experiences. It seems that many people, regardless of their cultural backgrounds, find that they have very similar recollections when they are brought back from a close encounter with death. They may speak of leaving their bodies, seeing their bodies and the events surrounding them clearly, or being pulled through a long tunnel towards a bright light, of seeing dec!
eased relatives waiting and calling to them. How do different people of different backgrounds from all over the world believe we experience death in this manner?
The substances of the collective unconscious are called archetypes. An archetype is defined as "universal, symbolic images that appear in myths, art, stories, and dreams which represent the collective unconscious." An archetype is an unlearned tendency to experience things in a certain way. The archetype has no specific form of its own, but it acts as a coordinating source on the things we see or do. An archetype is in itself is not representable, but has effects which make visualizations of it possible.
I have chosen the classic movie Wizard of Oz to represent some of the different categories of archetypes
The mother archetype in Wizard of Oz I believe was Auntie Em. The mother archetype is a mother or mother-substitute, without which we would never have survived. Our connection with this nurturing person during our times as helpless infants, children, and adults are automatic. The mother archetype represents caring, nurturing, forgiveness, safety, and love. Even though Auntie Em was not Dorothy’s biological mother I think she represented mothering in her life.
The mana archetype in Wizard of Oz I believe was the Wizard. The mana archetype is a personified image of a supernatural force. The Wizard was so named because of the belief that he could perform magical duties, and had special power. The inhabitants of the Land of Oz treated Godlike. The people believed the Wizard knew everything and had a solution for everything, which was illustrated well in the scene of the Witch skywriting over the City and the townspeople stampeding to the Wizards door exclaiming, "the Wizard will know what to do!"
The shadow archetype in Wizard of Oz I believe was the Wicked Witch. The shadow is representative of the "dark side" of the ego, and the evil that we are capable of is often stored there. The shadow can harbor feelings and ideas that can be seen as brutal or inhuman, so the shadow becomes a harboring place for feelings and thoughts that we can't quite admit to. The shadow is composed for the most part of all those things about oneself one is not proud of. Whether that is repressed desires and uncivilized impulses, morally inferior motives, or childish fantasies and resentments, these unacknowledged personal characteristics compiled constitute the shadow.
The persona archetype in Wizard of Oz I believe was the wizards’ persona; he led people to believe he was all-powerful when he knew he couldn’t perform magic. The persona represents your public image. The word comes from a Latin word for mask. So the persona is the mask you put on before you show yourself to the outside world. Very simply stated the persona is just the "good impression" we all wish to present to society for approval. It can also be the "false impression" we use to manipulate people's opinions and behaviors. Even ourselves, for our true nature, can mistake it; sometimes we believe we really are what we pretend to be!
Glinda the good witch represented the anima archetype in Wizard of Oz. The anima is the female aspect present in the collective unconscious of men. For most people their role is determined by their physical gender.
In all societies, the expectations placed on men and women differ, usually based on our different roles in reproduction, but often involving many details that are purely traditional, such as women are still expected to be more nurturing and less aggressive than men. The anima may be personified as very spontaneous and intuitive and very feminine, which Glinda was.
Two characters represented the animus archetype in Wizard of Oz: Tin man, and Uncle Henry. The animus is the male aspect present in the collective unconscious of women. In some societies men are still expected to be strong and to ignore the emotional side of life, which Tin man was representative of. The animus may be personified as a wise old man, and tends to be logical which Uncle Henry was representative of.
Dorothy represented the child archetype in Wizard of Oz. The child/maiden archetype represents innocence and purity. It also represents the carefree thinking and endless curiosity shared by most children. Dorothy was very representative of all these traits.
Dorothy represented the hero archetype in Wizard of Oz.The hero is the defeater of evil and represents the ego. The hero of the story is often engaged in fighting the shadow. In this case it was Dorothy trying to fight the Wicked Witch. Not that Dorothy was the brightest hero because she had the power to go home the whole time and did not even realize it.
The Cowardly Lion represented the animal archetype in Wizard of Oz. The animal archetype is representative of human's relationships with the animal kingdom. The Lion had a deep relationship to Dorothy.
And there is the trickster archetype, which was also personified by the Wicked Witch. The trickster's role is basically to hamper the hero's progress and to try to make trouble for the hero as much as possible. Scenes that exemplify this were when she made the poppies sleep enhancers, and when she sent the monkey army after the group.
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