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Small pox

Small pox, which was once the most feared disease known by mankind started out in

the days of Christopher Columbus. The disease set out to change the lives of the people

in the worse way. It became known as an epidemic disease that ended up killing

hundreds of people. Small pox started out in Hispaniola and because of no cure, it

traveled to the island of Puerto Rico, and then Cuba. It was only a matter of time until it

spread to the mainland, somewhere in America. In the Middle Ages, small pox was a

highly contagious disease which often lead to death if not treated. In this term paper you

will read and learn about the causes, symptoms and treatments of this horrible disease.

Small pox which was often refereed to as a life threatening disease, is caused by a

virus, which was not discovered until the nineteenth century. Most of the victims whom

acquired small pox, was a result of face to face contact. It is passed through the nose

where tiny particles are released when the infected person sneezes, also by the mouth

where particles are once again ejected when the victim coughs. The disease can be

transmitted by dried small pox scabs and through materials the infected person has come

in contact with. The virus is reproduced in the lymphoid tissue and released into the

body. Virus reproduction begins when the virion comes into contact with a suitable host

cell. The virus must interact with a receptor on the cell surface. The infectious cycle

usually consists of two stages. The first stage makes the proteins necessary for the

protein to form. The second stage forms the adult virion to start the attack on the body.

Smallpox attack with no warning.

There are several painful symptoms that are brought upon by this disease. In most of

the cases, symptoms in a new victim will occur ten to twelve days later. Patients will

develop chills, high fever, and nausousness. The fevers may reach up to 105 degrees

farenht. In three or four days later a rash erupts and the fever and discomfort may

subside. It begins on the face, then spreading to the chest, arms, back and finally the

legs. It consists of hard red lumps which become pimple like, swelling and containing

puss. "The pustules gave the disease its name, by which it was first known in the west as

Variola" (Giblin 59). This rash itches severely but scratching must be avoided in order to

prevent another infection from forming. "Up to forty percent of the patients died, in the

rest, scabs eventually formed and then fell off, leaving perma

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