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Also called venereal diseases, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are in a topic

of their own and are higly contagious infections almost always acuired during sexual

contact. Bacteria, protozoans, or fungi that cause STDs generally attack only certain

portions of the body, including the genital tract. They do not survive for long periods of

time outside of the human body, and transmission through things like clothing or toilet

seats are extremely rare. The transmision is rare because of the little survival time that the

diseases have outside of the body. The effects of STDs range from mild, annoying

symptoms to life-threatening illnesses that spread from the reproductive tract to the entire

body. The most serious diseases are AIDS, Syphilis, and Gonorrhea. Chlamydia, the

most common STD in the United State today, is not life threatening but can have serious

efects as it is a leading cause of sterility. Less serious infections include herpes,

chancroid, genital warts, cold sores, and vaginitis. None of these diseases is caught

entirely through sexual contact. The sexual partners of a person with an STD are likely to

be infected as well and should be examined and tested for the disease.

Source: Essay UK -

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