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The effects of television violence on children

The Effects of Television Violence on Children

Children and Televison Violence

What has the world come to these days? It often seems like

everywhere one looks, violence rears its ugly head. We see it in the

streets, back alleys, school, and even at home. The last of these is a

major source of violence. In many peoplesÕ living rooms there sits an

outlet for violence that often goes unnoticed. It is the television,

and the children who view it are often pulled into its realistic world

of violence scenes with sometimes devastating results.

Much research has gone into showing why children are so

mesmerized by this big glowing box and the action that takes place

within it. Research shows that it is definitely a major source of

violent behavior in children. The research proves time and time again

that aggression and television viewing do go hand in hand.

The truth about television violence and children has been shown.

Some are trying to fight this problem. Others are ignoring it and

hoping it will go away. Still others donÕt even seem to care. However,

the facts are undeniable. The studies have been carried out and all the

results point to one conclusion: Television violence causes children to

be violent and the effects can be life-long.

The information canÕt be ignored. Violent television viewing

does affect children. The effects have been seen in a number of cases.

In New York, a 16-year-old boy broke into a cellar. When the police

caught him and asked him why he was wearing gloves he replied that he

had learned to do so to not leave fingerprints and that he discovered

this on television. In Alabama, a nine-year-old boy received a bad

report card from his teacher. He suggested sending the teacher poisoned

candy as revenge as he had seen on television the night before. In

California, a seven-year-old boy sprinkled ground-up glass into the the

lamb stew the family was to eat for dinner. When asked why he did it he

replied that he wanted to see if the results would be the same in real

life as they were on television (Howe 72). These are certainly

startling examples of how television can affect the child. It must be

pointed out that all of these situations were directly caused by

children watching violent television.

Not only does television violence affect the childÕs youth, but

it can also affect his or her adulthood. Some psychologists and

psychiatrists feel that continued exposure to such violence might

unnaturally speed up the impact of the adult world on the child. This

can force the child into a kind of premature maturity. As the child

matures into an adult, he can become bewildered, have a greater distrust

towards others, a superficial approach to adult problems, and even an

unwillingness to become an adult (Carter 14).

Television violence can destroy a young childÕs mind. The

effects of this violence can be long-lasting, if not never-ending.

For some, television at its worst, is an assault on a

childÕs mind, an insidious influence tat upsets moral

balance and makes a child prone to aggressive behavior

as it warps his or her perception of the real world.

Other see television as an unhealthy intrusion into a

childÕs learning process, substituting easy pictures for

the discipline of reading and concentrating and

transforming the young viewer into a hypnotized

nonthinker (Langone 48).

As you can see, television violence can disrupt a childÕs learning and

thinking ability which will cause life long problems. If a child cannot

do well in school, his or her whole future is at stake.

Why do children like the violence that they see on television?

ÒSince media violence is much more vicious than that which children

normally experience, real-life aggression appears bland by comparisonÓ

(Dorr 127). The violence on television is able to be more exciting and

enthralling than the violence that is normally viewed on the streets.

Instead of just seeing a police officer handing a ticket to a speeding

violator, he can beat the offender bloody on television. However,

children donÕt always realize this is not the way thing are handled in

real life. They come to expect it, and when they donÕt see it the world

becomes bland and in need of violence. The children then can create the

violence that their mind craves.

The television violence can cause actual violence in a number of

ways. As explained above, after viewing television violence the world

becomes bland in comparison. The child needs to create violence to keep

himself satisfied (Dorr 127). Also the children find the violent

characters on television fun to imitate. ÒChildren do imitate the

behavior of models such as those portrayed in television, movies, etc.

They do so because the ideas that are shown to them on television are

more attractive to the viewer than those the viewer can think up

himselfÓ (Brown 98). This has been widely seen lately with the advent

of the Mighty MorphinÕ Power Rangers. Young children cannot seem to get

enough of these fictional characters and will portray them often.

Another reason why television violence causes violence in

children is apparent in the big cities. ÒAggressive behavior was more

acceptable in the city, where a childÕs popularity rating with

classmates was not hampered by his or her aggressionÓ (Huesmann 166).

In the bigger cities, crime and violence is inevitable, expected and,

therefore, is left unchecked and out of line.

Much research into the topic of children and television violence

has been conducted. All of the results seem to point in the same

direction. There are undeniable correlations between violent television

and aggression. This result was obtained in a survey of London

schoolchildren in 1975. Greensberg found a significant relationship

between violence viewing and aggression (Dorr 160),

In Israel 74 children from farms were tested as well as 112

schoolchildren from the city of Tel Aviv. The researchers found that

the city children watched far more television than their farmland

counterparts. However, both groups of children were just as likely to

choose a violent program to watch when watching television. The city

children had a greater tendency to regard violent television programs as

accurate reflections of real life than the farm children. Likewise, the

city boys identified most with characters from violent programs than did

those living on the farms (Huesmann 166).

The government also did research in this area. They conducted

an experiment where children were left alone in a room with a monitor

playing a videotape of other children at play. Soon, things got Òout of

handÓ and progressive mayhem began to take place. Children who had just

seen commercial violence accepted much higher levels of aggression than

other children. The results were published in a report. ÒA Sergon

GeneralÕs report found some Ôpreliminary indications of a casual

relationship between television viewing and aggressive behavior in

childrenÕÓ (Langone 50).

In other research among U.S. children it was discovered that

aggression, academic problems, unpopularity with peers and violence feed

off each other. This promotes violent behavior in the children

(Huesmann 166). The child watches violence which causes aggression.

The combination of aggression and continued television viewing lead to

poor academic standings as well as unpopularity. These can cause more

aggression and a vicious cycle begins to spin.

In yet another piece if research children who watch a lot of

violent television were compared to children who donÕt. The results

were that the children who watched more violent television were more

likely to agree that ÒitÕs okay to hit someone if youÕre mad at them for

a good reason.Ó The other group learned that problems can be solved

passively, through discussion and authority (Cheyney 46).

The most important aspect of violence in television is

preventing it. There are many ways in which it can be prevented, but

not often are many carried out. These solutions are easy to implement,

but are often overlooked because of commercial purposes.

One such solution is to Òcreate conflict without killing.Ó

Michael Landon, who starred in and directed ÒLittle House on the

PrairieÓ managed to do so in his programs. His goal was to put moral

lessons in his show in an attempt to teach while entertaining. On the

program ÒHill Street BluesÓ the conflicts are usually personal and

political matters among the characters. Although some violence does

occur, the theme is not the action, but rather its consequences (Cheyney


Perhaps the most important way to prevent children from watching

television violence is to stop it where it starts. The parents should

step in and turn the set off when a violent program comes on. The

parents are the childÕs role models from which he learns. If he can

learn at an early age that violence on television is bad, then he can

turn the set off for himself when he is older. Education should start

at home.

Fixing the problems of children and television violence isnÕt

easy. There are many factors that have to be considered and people to

be convinced. This problem will, no doubt, never go away and continue

to get worse as the years go by. However, there are measures that can

be taken to prevent the children from ever being exposed to such things.

After all, whatÕs the world going to be like when the people who are now

children are running the world?

Works Cited

Langone, John. Violence. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1984.

Cheyney, Glenn Alan. Television in American Society. New York:

Franklin Watts Co., 1983.

Howe, Michael J. A. Television and Children. London: New

University Education, 1977.

Husemann, L. Rowell. ÒSocial Channels Tune T.V.Õs effects.Ó

Science News 14 Sept. 1985: 166.

Door, Palmer. Children and the Faces of Television. New York:

Academic Press, 1980.

Carter, Douglass. T.V. Violence and the Child. New York: Russel

Sage Foundation, 1977.

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